Fasciolaria tulipa (Linné, 1758), True tulip

Posted: Dec 27 2011

2/9/14  Harry Lee posed on LTS Forum:


A minor issue:

You consistently identify the species as Fasciolaria tulipa (Linné, 1758).

Carl Linnaeus (rendered "Carolus Linnaeus" in Latin) was not known as Carl von Linné (Latin ablative: Carolo v(on) Linné) until after the King of Sweden ennobled him with the latter honorific in 1761 as recognition for the master's contributions to natural history.

When using "Linné" [my quotes] in malacological taxonomic nomenclature, of which practice I am a devout advocate, one should use it for attribution only for works after the King's nomenclatorial act. Thus the honorific should be cited for three (of the total five) Linnaean works in which new molluscan names were introduced:

Linné, 1764
Linné, 1767
Linné, 1771

Literature cited (the author's name appears, in Latin, on the title page of each work):

Linnaeus, C., 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio duodecima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius, Holmia (Stockholm). Pp. 1-823 + i. [reprinted in facsimile by the British Museum of Natural History, London (NHMUK), 1956 (+ v).]

Linnaeus, C., 1761. Fauna svecica sistens animalia sveciae regni: mammalia, aves, amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes. Distributa per classes & ordines, genera & species, cum differentiis specierum, synonymis auctorum, nominibus incolarum, locis natalium, descriptionibus insectorum. Editio altera, auctior. L. Salvius, Stockholm. pp. [48] + 578. 28 July.

Linné, C. von, 1764. Museum S:ae R:ae M:tis Ludovicae Ulricae Regine Svecorum, Gothorum, Vandalorumque etc. In quo Animalia rariora, exotica, imprimis Insecta & Conchilia describuntur & determinantur. Prodromi instar editum. Laurentius Salvius, Holmia (Stockholm). 1- 720 + 8 pp.

Linné, C. von, 1767. Systema Naturae, seu per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus II Editio duodecima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius, Holmia (Stockholm). Pp. 533-1327.

Linné, C. von, 1771. Mantissa plantarum altera generum editionis 6 et speciarum editionis 2. Regnum animalis appendix. Laurentius Salvius, Holmia (Stockholm). Pp. [1-7], 144-588.

1/14/17  Rusty:

Seem like they prefer sea grass beds around inlets. I collected one live on same kind of grass as picture almost top, manatee grass I think. I also find dead ones mainly inhabited by hermit crabs in Indian River. Uncommon on beaches on treasure coast usually broken up.

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